People always strive for uniqueness. We havefashion industry, automobile business, jewelry sphere which work to please people`s desire to be not like everybody else. However, we all understand that this is a very elegant manipulation to trick society into “privilege” thinking mode. You may think that we`re going to give you some tips on your essay on consumerism or on the ways the media impose certain beliefs on society. No, not really. The desire to be unique concerns you and only you because you need that essay that will amaze and amuse the psychology professor. It`s not that easy to do but all worries aside, we`ll have your back.
Let`s set our priorities straight here. You need to get an inspiration flow and gather some cool ideas for your essay. But the problem is that psychology is one of the most complicated and intriguing sciences because it studies the most intricate mechanism, which is a human mind. Naturally, there are dozens and hundreds of controversial issues that can be spotted throughout a historical timeline of developmentof psychology. Starting with application of unethical research methods and ending with plain cruel mind experiments.
However, there are plenty of topics which may seem to be harmless at first. But they form a group of the biggest misconceptions about this field of study. According to a common belief, psychology as an official science was born in the 19th century. Since then many experiments were conducted and many theories were published. Nevertheless, it`s still a blank space of humanity`s knowledge. So, your task is to write an essay that will shed light on the most popular misbeliefs and misconceptions of psychology that many people still find appealing. It definitely won`t be an easy task so in case you need some essay help, never hesitate to address a professional website to get a satisfying result of your work.
Power posing is considered to be a lifesaver for many shy and insecure people out there. And this psychological trick gained its global popularity because of the 2012 TedTalk delivered by American social psychologist Amy Cuddy. She was convincing the audience and 12 million people who were watching that video on YouTube that body language could shape our true personalities.
The main idea of that lecture was that a person who would stand doing the Superman or Superwoman pose (yes, just the way they`re depicted in comic books and on movie posters), then they`d nail a job interview or pass an exam successfully. You must have heard about this ongoing myth and perhaps even tried it yourself. Did it work?
Well, if it did, then the placebo effect was proved to be effective yet one more time. Because this power pose theory has no scientific basis, and dozens of scientific research groups tried to recreate that experiment but failed.There was no correlation or impact found.
There is one particularly interesting and broad research conducted by a group of scientists from the University of Zurich in 2015. Here`s a conclusion from their report: “Power poses affect neither the masculine hormone testosterone, the stress hormone cortisol, nor the subjects’ actual behavior”. By the way, there is a similar misconception that suggests that smile is able to increase a level of “happy hormone” in the bloodstream and that a person will feel a rush of positive emotions. But it also turns out to be just a hoax.
This is true. It may be a piece of disappointing or promising news for you. But still, nothing is going to change a scientifically proved fact that people choose partners who are similar to them. And these criteria don`t include looks or tastes in musiconly. The choice has a genetic component in it.
Why did this myth appear? It`s hard to tell because it seems that this conception has always been all over the place and we have always perceived it as a psychological axiom. Do you have that friend who refused to go out with a great boy/girl just because they had “too much in common” and that was why they were better off as friends? Come on, this idea is just ridiculous.
The research that was conducted to debunk this long-lived myth was really massive and well-thought-out. A few best German scientific institutions gathered their intellectual forces in order to put this issue to bed once and for all. We probably shouldn`t dig too deep into this, and if you`re interested, you probably should read the whole reporton “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences”.
What`s the gist? When people are similar to us, we are able to understand their emotions, we empathize with them and we get to know them better, which is acrucial part of any relationship. And scientists have found even a stronger correlation when it comes to appearance. Apparently, a “10” is most likely to marry a “10”.
Now many universities with management courses teach their students that brainstorms are the best activity to get a set of ingenious ideas, discuss them, and make a teamwork more productive. Unfortunately, it doesn`t work this way. Elon Musk, for example, doesn`t believe in brainstorms at all. In fact, he tries his best to avoid business meetings with many people involved because they`re practically useless. Well, Elon Musk is a serious and influential guy, but he`s not a scientist. So he can be wrong about it, right?
As in most of the other cases, the “Tesla” creator is absolutely right. Variety of experiments and studies were conducted in order to either support or refute this theory. Cognitive psychologist Dr. Tony McCaffrey states that brainstorming is completely ineffective and there are multiple reasons why.
Firstly, because ideas mainly come from more extroverted members of the team, while introverts who may have brighter and better ideas don`t have courage and simply don`t feel comfortable to speak out. There is just too much pressure.
Secondly, due to such psychological phenomenon as collaborative fixation, people tend to agree with more popular ideas without vocalizing an objection.
Thirdly, brainstorms have “no judging” policy, but criticizing ideas in a group was proven to be rather effective. A study conducted by the University of California, Berkeley, reported that teams which were allowed to scrutinize and criticize works of their members were 20% more productive and came up with better ideas.
It seems that middle life crisis is absolutely unavoidable and that it resembles a huge super heavy train that will smack everything on its way and ruin a life of a forty-fifty-year-old. All views, beliefs, and values will be left behind, and this person, who got in the crisis, will end up changing his/her life drastically.
There is a stereotype that men mostly suffer from this and immediately buy a sports car, get a young frisky mistress, start following their dreams and live in the moment because they`re scared of dying. It`s like half of your life has already been wasted and you need to live the other half happily and joyfully.
None of that is true! In fact, according to official social statistics, no more than 10% of people fall victims to middle life crisis, so there is no need to panic. The University of Zurich proves that there is no such thing. However, it`s possible that because of a certain life event, like job loss or death of a close friend, people may start reevaluating their life goals and choices. But there is no specific age when it may happen. A 25-year-old may end up in this “existential crisis” just like a 75-year-old may.