6 Common Complications of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are the twisted, blue veins that are visible on the surface of your skin. A milder version of the enlarged varicose veins is called spider veins. Venous disease implicates roughly half of the US population. Of these, 50%-55% of the share is chipped in by women and 40%-45% by men. To be specific, varicose veins impact 1 out of 2 people who are aged 50 or above.

 Varicose and spider veins can be caused due to many reasons. The chief underlying culprits are problems in the veins that hamper blood flow back to the heart. This could occur for various reasons, for instance, aging weakens the values in your veins. Obesity can also culminate in varicose veins, as it exerts pressure on your veins, which hampers smooth blood flow to the heart. A similar strain can also be exerted on the legs in case of pregnancy.

Regardless of the causes though, it is crucial to find a way to get rid of these veins. Varicose treatments that help are numerous. You can also try some natural ways to eliminate spider veins such as moderate exercise, dietary intervention, and compression stockings. It is critical to nip the evil in its bud by getting the needed treatment. If these are left unattended, they can result in further complications.

Here is an in-depth look at six complications caused due to varicose veins:

1. Venous insufficiency

The fundamental reason behind varicose veins is the disturbed blood flow from the veins in your legs to your heart. Blood circulates in your body, whereby, the arteries carry it from your heart to the organs. It returns to the heart through veins that have to work against gravity. In the case of varicose veins, the blood flow back to the heart is disrupted.

Essentially, the blood pools in an area, forming bluish veins. The problem aggravates as the blood remains pooled. Blood is packed with vital nutrients and is the vehicle that transports oxygen and waste products to and fro the organs. Consequently, disturbed blood flow for extended time periods leads to the formation of a condition called chronic venous insufficiency. This condition sets the foundation for others complications.

2. Bleeding

Varicose veins tend to be located close to your skin’s surface. These may result in bleeding owing to a minor skin injury. The veins may also rupture and start bleeding spontaneously. This can be pretty serious, as a significant amount of blood can be lost in a short time due to a bleeding varicose vein. In fact, a report highlighted that a woman lost her life due to the excessive bleeding of varicose veins.
The key is to be aware of such a complication of these swollen and enlarged veins because the emergency treatment is simple. All you have to do is to elevate your leg so much so that they go higher than your heart. Then, apply pressure on the bleeding area, which should help stop the bleeding. Follow this with pharmaceutical care to lessen the subsequent loss of blood.

3. Inflammation or phlebitis

This is the most common complication of spider veins. Inflammation of the vein is medically referred to as phlebitis. It is characterized by redness, which makes the affected area painful, swollen, and hot. Phlebitis commonly occurs in the saphenous veins, which means that it affects the calf or thigh generally. It can also implicate the veins in your neck or arm too.
Those areas are, however, mainly affected with phlebitis due to intravenous drug administration and cannulation. There is always a risk of clotting in phlebitis. The clot can move quickly within the vein to become a part of the deeper veins. In such a case, the condition is known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

4. Deep vein thrombosis

Inflammation in spider veins can result in the formation of blood clots. Normally, these are not extremely harmful. However, severe varicose veins correlate with serious consequences such as pulmonary embolism. Studies are increasingly confirming the risk between DVT and varicose veins.
Researchers observed 425,000 people and found out that half of the people with varicose veins had a 5.3 times multiplied risk of DVT. Researchers were also able to see a trend of enhanced pulmonary embolisms risk due to DVT. Hence, if you suspect DVT, it is wise to seek medical assistance to curtail the risk of embolization.

5. Varicose eczema

Varicose eczema or stasis eczema is a condition of the skin. About 15-20 million US individuals who fall above the age marker of 50 suffer from stasis eczema. It occurs because the skin surrounding these veins becomes damaged and doesn’t get enough oxygen and nutrients. As a result, the skin becomes flaky or scaly. It is also common for it to become darkened, tender, swollen, and starts to itch too.
You can recognize varicose eczema with these symptoms. If there are no spider veins but you are still suspicious of eczema, then it is critical to get a scan to check the underlying vein circulation. It is quite possible for the scan to reveal hidden varicose veins. You can treat varicose eczema with the help of ointments or moisturizers that your doctor prescribes.

6. Varicose ulcers

Varicose ulcers are also called venous ulcers. These often lead to the formation of sores or open wounds in the skin. Leakage of fluid or blood from the varicose veins reaches a finale of stasis eczema. Long-term damage to the cells and tissues, in turn, cause the breakdown of skin, which leads to varicose ulcers.
In some instances, a small injury like a scratch or bite can take very long to heal. This is primarily due to a dearth of blood flow to the area, and it leads to a varicose ulcer. Nearly 70% -90% of leg ulcers are venous ulcers by nature.
Summing up, it is better to prevent varicose veins. If it’s already too late, then it is best to treat them at your earliest to stave off the risk of such complications. 

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