The Four Common Types of Dementia

 It’s difficult to hear that someone you love has been diagnosed with Dementia. You might feel helpless and not sure where to turn to for help. Dementia is not a disease that can be treated without professional help, and it only progresses with time.

 You’re probably interested in learning about Dementia care options in your area and the different support systems that are available for you and your family. Home health care offers intensive one-on-one support between your loved one and a professionally trained Caregiver. 


When someone suffers from Dementia any kind of disruption to his or her regular routine can be upsetting and incredibly confusing. Choosing to stay at home offers them the comfort and familiarity of being in a place that they know and love. 

Did you know that the term “dementia” is actually an overall term for conditions and disease characterized by a decline in language, memory, problem solving, and thinking skills that strongly affect a person’s ability to perform everyday activities? It’s not just one disease — it’s made up of many. 

For example, Alzheimer’s disease and Dementia are often confused as being one entity. However, Alzheimer’s is just one of the many types of Dementia. 

In fact, there are four major common types of Dementia. Consider the differences as they’re outlined below.

1. Alzheimer’s disease 

This is the most common type of Dementia. It begins with short-term memory loss and progresses in a complete loss of time and place. 

However, long-term memory can remain strong and this why it can be so confusing, frustrating, and upsetting for both the person living with Alzheimer’s disease and those around them. 

Individuals with Alzheimer’s demonstrate trouble with problem solving and reasoning, and may have little or no orientation to time. 

The process of this disease has been divided into seven stages wherein the later stages an individual can lose significant abilities such as swallowing — and full-time care and support is necessary. 

2. Vascular Dementia 

This type of Dementia is different from Alzheimer’s and is often called “Post Stroke Dementia.” It’s actually brain damage traced to cardiovascular problems or mini-strokes that has caused bleeding or harm in the brain. 

There can be drastic changes in personality, thinking and reasoning skills, trouble with paying attention, and organizing thoughts, among others.

The good news is that the use of medications has been proven to slow down further brain damage, which can therefore control the progress of Vascular Dementia.

3. Lewy Body Dementia (LBD)

Lewy Body Dementia is often described as a combination of Parkinson’s symptoms and those of Alzheimer’s disease. 

There is stiffness and rigidity typically associated with Parkinson’s combined with the cognitive decline that is attributed to Alzheimer’s. 

In addition to these symptoms, aprimary factor of LBD is visual hallucinations. These hallucinations are often of smaller people or animals and may not be upsetting to the person. 

4. Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD)

FTD develops when there is deterioration to the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. The person experiencesproblems with language and significant changes in their personality and behaviour. 

The temporal lobe affects how individuals behave and reacts in the world, and the frontal lobe has to do with cognitive and emotional processes and voluntary movements. 

When these parts of the brain are compromised, behaviour changes drastically.

If someone you loved has been diagnosed with Dementia, be sure to conduct some research and understand exactly what type of Dementia he or she is dealing with. 

Talk to their Doctors and Nurses, and be sure to provide excellent, compassionate personal support.
 
 
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