How Is CBD Oil Made?

 In recent years, CBD oil has been a major topic of discussion. Its popularity has grown tremendously within just a short time. 

 What’s more, people are using CBD for many different reasons, such as treatment of pain, lack of sleep, arthritis, and anxiety. CBD oil is now found in many everyday use products, including lip balm and even vape juice. If that’s not enough, pet owners are also using CBD on their animals to help treat various conditions.

However, while CBD oil seems to be on everyone’s lips nowadays, not many people know the processes involved in the extraction of CBD oil from the hemp plant. 

Understanding CBD

Before we can delve into how CBD oil is obtained, it’s important to understand the substance that’s quickly turning out to be everyone’s favorite supplement.

CBD is a cannabinoid and is one of the many found in the marijuana plant as well as the hemp plant. While CBD is psychoactive, it’s important to note that it doesn’t produce the “high” effect. That’s attributed to another cannabinoid found in the marijuana plant –THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).

As mentioned, CBD oil has been used in the treatment of various conditions, such as stress, anxiety, pain relief, arthritis, and insomnia.

That being said, here are different ways of how CBD is extracted from the plant:

1. The Role of Carbon Dioxide in CBD extraction

One process involves the use of carbon dioxide. One of the main advantages of CO2 is that it remains active, whether in solid, liquid, or gas form.

Closed-loop extractors are used together with CO2. Here, a solid piece of carbon dioxide is placed into a chamber that also has a piece of cannabis. The chamber maintains a specific temperature that allows CO2 to absorb the cannabinoids and oils in cannabis.

Later, the CO2 that has absorbed the oils in the cannabis plant is taken to another chamber where the temperatures are slightly warmer. This causes the CO2 to evaporate leaving behind high-quality CBD oil. 

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2. Using Liquid Solvents

Another process used on the extraction of CBD oil is through liquid solvents, such as ethanol, butane, isopropyl alcohol, and hexane. The process is similar to that of using CO2 in that the liquids are used to absorb the oil from the cannabis plant.

After the oils have mixed with the liquid, then the liquid and the oil are separated to have pure CBD oil.

One of the man advantages of using solvents is that it’s cheap and effective. However, one of its downsides is that it can fuse with chlorophyll, resulting in a bitter taste and greenish tinge to the CBD oil. However, this can also be removed through a second process.

3. The Oil Infusion Method

This is a traditional type of method that has been used for many years. It’s also the method of choice used by home growers to make their own CBD oil. That said, since it’s a simple and straightforward method, it’s not as efficient as the other two.

The first step to the oil infusion method requires the plant material to be heated to a specific temperature. This helps activate the compounds in a process called decarboxylation. The next step is to add olive oil or something similar and heat the mixture to around 100C. You’ll need to heat the mixture for one hour or two hours.

Keep in mind that once the CBD oil has fused with the olive oil, you’ll not be able to separate them. Therefore, to get the same effect, you’ll need to use more olive oil.

4. The Winterization Process

If you’re interested in obtaining pure CBD, without most of the other cannabinoids and compounds, then the winterization process is ideal. Keep in mind, however, that harvesting pure CBD oil doesn’t make it the best quality and many people find that they benefit the most from a full-spectrum CBD oil.

Once you’ve obtained the oils through any of the above processes, you can mix it with 200-proof alcohol. Then, you’ll need to place the mixture in a freezer for at least 12 hours. You can then run the mixture through a filter that’s able to take out the fats and other compounds. Finally, you can boil the alcohol to evaporate it, leaving behind pure CBD oil.

Final Word

There’s more than one way to extract CBD oil. Some processes are more efficient than others. For instance, the CO2 method is quick and effective, while the oil infusion method will require you to use the CBD oil together with the accompanying olive oil.


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