Medical Marijuana – the most common medical conditions treated with it

 Marijuana (Cannabis) is the illicit drug that is commonly used globally. This is a kind of mood-altering drug that affects almost every organ in the body. Marijuana is classified as a Schedule 1 controlled substance, and people smoke it, brew it as a tea, eat-in products, apply it as a balm, and inhale it through vapors.

 It comes from seeds, stems, leaves, and the dried flowering tops of the hemp plant (Cannabis Sativa). From hundreds of years, this plant is fulfilling the needs of seed, seed oil, fiber (hemp), medical treatment, and for recreational purposes. Recreational marijuana produces effects like a feeling of relaxation, lightheadedness, reduced blood pressure, and increased appetite.

Medical Marijuana:

There are more than 120 different chemicals are present in the marijuana plant that is called cannabinoid, with each one having a different effect on the body.

When these marijuana chemicals or marijuana plant as a whole id used to treat various conditions and diseases, it is termed as ‘’Medical Marijuana’’.

Cannabidiol (CBD) and Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the main chemicals derived from hemp that is used in medicine.

Science of Cannabis:

The effects of 120 plus cannabinoids are mostly unknown accept the most potent psychoactive agent till the date, THC. Research on cannabis or cannabinoids is in early stages, but still, the study shows that medical marijuana doesn’t risk chemical addiction or overdose. Drugs containing cannabinoids show effective results in treating various medical conditions such as:

Weight loss and loss of appetite associated with HIV or AIDS.
Nausea, epilepsy, and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy.
Some modest benefits are also seen for multiple sclerosis and chronic pains.

How THC and CBD work?
                       
CBD and THC are part of a group of substances called cannabinoids. These substances can bind with the brain receptors and cause an effective defence against the pain associated with different health conditions like HIV/AIDS and multiple sclerosis.

The attachment of these substances blocks the transmission of pain signals. The CBD part is more than just a pain receptor, and it also works on other signalling systems within the brain. Additionally, CBD has anti-inflammatory and protective properties.

CBD vs. THC:

Although CBD does not cause ‘’high’’, but it interacts with pain receptors present in the brain and exerts anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects.

The THC present in medical marijuana resembles with the chemicals called cannabinoids present in the human body naturally. THC stimulates the cannabinoid receptors of the brain and activates the reward system of the brain to reduce pain level. This psychoactive compound produces an elevated state of mind that is called ‘’high’’.

Most common conditions treated with medical marijuana:

Research shows that medical marijuana is comprised of both CBD and THC. The compound CBD does not create ‘’high’’ or euphoric feelings. The extraction of CBD from the hemp plant is helpful to deal with depression; anxiety reduces the side effects of chemotherapy, and help people suffering from seizures.

THC is the compound that causes a euphoric response, but users of medical marijuana use both the CBD and THC to get relief from different medical conditions. Here are a few medical conditions in which medical marijuana might be used as a treatment option:
  • Cancer:
Medical marijuana is a blessing for cancer patients who are trying to deal with the side effects of chemotherapy. According to studies were done by the American Cancer Society, it is seen that cancer patients in chemotherapy getting benefits from marijuana for the treatment of nausea and vomiting. In the meanwhile, the use of marijuana drug has shown positive results as a pain reliever.

According to some evidence, it is observed that the use of CBD may slow the growth of the tumor, but more researches are required.
  • Lou Gehrig’s Disease (ALS):
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is a kind of progressive nervous system disease that affects the nerve cells present in the brain and spinal cord. This weakness of nerve cells causes loss of muscles control. Medical marijuana provides relief from the neurological symptoms, including seizures, involuntary movement of muscles, and muscle spasms.

Patients with ALS have shown positive results in reduced salivation, less pain, and more natural breathing. ALS patients have found medical marijuana so helpful for regular sleep patterns and improvement in mood.
  • Chronic Pain:
Medical marijuana is a popular option for managing chronic pains. Patients with chronic pain related illness consider medical marijuana as relief from persistent, life-altering pain. From chronic pain ailments like fibromyalgia to the pain associated with the treatment of another disease like cancer, medical marijuana is helpful to improve the quality of patient’s life. It eases common causes of pain like inflammations.
  • PTSD:
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that may develop in individuals who have witnessed or experienced some frightening, shocking, or dangerous event. These incidences trigger the natural defence system of the body and generate ‘’fight or flight’’ response. But if the duration of this response prolonged or remains long after passing the event, it is called PTSD.

Use of medical marijuana in the people living with PTSD shows reduced depression and anxiety level with insomnia relief. According to few studies, people living with PTSD using medical marijuana have experienced more significant than 75% reduction in Clinical Administration PTSD scale (CAPS) symptoms.
  • HIV/AIDS:
Medical marijuana provides relief from nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and other symptoms associated with HIV/AIDS. In the United States patients with HIV routinely use cannabinoid-based therapies to combat the side effects of antiretroviral treatment and HIV infection. It is a kind of alternative medicine for AIDS wasting syndrome that is a frequent complication of HIV infection. Use of medical marijuana decreases different AIDS symptoms and increase the appetite of the patients.

Conclusion:

Medical marijuana is the natural alternative of chemical drugs for the treatment of various health issues. All medical doctors (MD) believe that there is a better, holistic, and natural way that can help patients to live with less physical and emotional miseries daily.
 
Medical marijuana may not right for every patient in every condition, but it has the potential to improve the quality of life for many patients suffering from various health issues. All Natural MD are committed with a dedication to helping patients to achieve their health goals and live their life less painfully.
 
 
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