What All Consumers Need to Know About Botox or the Botulinum Toxin

 Botox is a very popular preparation for medical and cosmetic use. Most people know that it is used for correcting appearance, reducing facial wrinkles, and so on. However, it also helps to treat migraines, dystonia, eyelid spasms, and different kind of pain, or other conditions. Among all the different types of a toxin, the most common choice for medical purposes is Botulinum Toxin type A.

 What is botulinum toxin type A? What is Botox?

Botulinum Toxin is famous as “miracle poison” because it’s produced by Clostridium Botulinum bacteria. In high doses, it is a very dangerous toxin because it can cause botulism or even paralysis. However, it is pretty useful when it's used for cosmetic and medical purposes. There are many different types of Botulinum Toxins, but only types A and B are approved for treatment by the FDA. Only type A is used in the production of Botox. 
How does Botulinum toxin work? 
Botox is a neurotoxin, which helps to paralyze or weaken certain muscles. The peculiarity of the Botulinum Toxin mechanism of action is in inhibiting the release of acetylcholine. This chemical substance binds nerve endings’ receptors with muscle cells. Therefore, when it’s not released, the contraction of muscles stops. After the injection, it may take on average up to 3 days to take effect. In some cases, it even may take additional few days. Usually, the duration effect, after Botox injections, lasts on average 4 months.
What ingredients does Botox have?
The ingredients of Botox vials are all the same, and the difference is only in doses of components. It consists of Clostridium Botulinum type A with the special neurotoxin complex, sodium chloride, and Albumin Human. 
Botox side effects
The severity of side effects strongly depends on how good and qualified is your specialist, so be very careful with choosing your doctor. Generally, the appearance of side effects depends on the place of injections, doses, and medical conditions. There are possibilities of injection pain, bruising, numbness, or weakness of nearby muscles, headache, nausea, dry eyes, and sometimes Flu-like symptoms. Also, there are no reports of severe allergic reactions.
What is the difference between botulinum toxin type A and type B?
Generally, Botulinum Toxin type A is not the only choice to use. Doctors often use Botulinum toxin type B for various conditions. The main differences between those two types of toxins are in the mechanism of actions, side effects, composition, and injection procedure. Both of them inhibit the release of acetylcholine. However, Botulinum Toxin type B inhibits it in a slightly different way by cleaving special synaptic proteins called VAMP. Studies show that the duration effect for reducing fine lines is different for both types. Usually, type B lasts shorter, but it also depends on the doses. If to speak about side effects, Botox proves to be safer. Commonly, type B causes more discomfort after the injection. Additionally, there may occur other side effects like back pain, stiff neck, drowsiness, and nausea. 
However, in some cases, type B can help when there is no effect from type A. For some patients, after a certain amount of type A injections may develop antibodies and resistance for the drug. In such cases, type B may be helpful and more effective. If you want to know what type is better to use, consult the specialist. 
If you are considering using Botox or preparation based on Botulinum Toxin type B, you must always be aware of all the possible side effects and your health conditions. Usually, Botox injections are safe procedures that might be done repeatedly. For most people, who use it for the first time, the place of injection may cause some discomfort, and the duration effect may last a bit shorter. 
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