What Treatments Exist for Chronic Sinus Issues?
Tuesday, 21 July 2020

Chronic sinusitis is a condition characterized by blocked or inflamed sinus tissues for a long time, leading to mucus build-up and swelling. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 28.9 million adults in the United States suffer from chronic sinus. Unlike recurrent sinusitis, symptoms of chronic sinusitis are present for a long time, typically more than 12 weeks. If you are suffering from chronic sinus, do not fret. There numerous permanent treatment options for chronic sinusitis. 


 Chronic sinusitis is curable, but you should adhere to an ongoing treatment plan. Your doctor will determine if the condition is chronic sinusitis using CT scans, endoscopy, or allergy testing. Some offer short term relief, while others treat the underlying cause. Below are available chronic sinusitis treatments.


Over the counter (OTC) pain medications such as Tylenol and Advil relieve headaches and swelling. You can also use nasal sprays that contain corticosteroids to reduce inflammation. Some of the nasal sprays include fluticasone and mometasone. Nasal sprays reduce nasal polyps enabling you to breathe better.


Health practitioners have a divergent opinion about using antibiotics to treat chronic sinusitis. However, amoxicillin with potassium clavulanate is quite helpful. Your doctor may also prescribe other medicines. Steroids may become necessary if inflammation is caused by allergens, viruses, fungus, and irritants. Antibiotics are usually used to fight bacteria, although sinusitis is caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungus. It would be best to take extra caution when taking antibiotics to prevent meningitis and other severe complications.


While medication may not eliminate sinusitis, it helps to alleviate pain. Some drugs used as anti-inflammatory and pain relievers include paracetamol and ibuprofen. Note that Acetylsalicylic acid can trigger asthma attacks and exacerbate chronic sinusitis. 


Steroid drugs reduce inflammation, expedite healing, and provide relief from symptoms. Steroids have a side effect, so you should talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits. Nasal steroids shrink polyps, reduce swelling, and ease symptoms. 

Steroids' effects may take longer to manifest. You should, therefore, take the medication for months to relieve the symptoms permanently. Also, steroids have side effects when taken in high doses for a long time. For instance, they may irritate or dry out the membrane lining of the nose. 

 You may also experience headaches and nose bleeding. 

The good news is that the side effects are quite mild. The side effects of steroid nasal sprays are fewer compared to tablets and infusion. Nasal sprays and creams affect the applied area, while tablet effects are felt all over the body. Due to the side effects, steroid tablets are used in exceptional cases. 

Allergy management becomes a prerequisite if there are substantial allergies. An allergist will figure out your allergy and make your body immune to the allergens using allergy shots. While allergy shots take long to manifest significant change, they alleviate allergy symptoms drastically in the long run. Besides allergy shots, antihistamine pills, and nasal steroid sprays are very important.

Home Remedies

One of the home remedies is lubricating nasal passage using a saline solution. This helps the mucus to drain easily and relieve swelling. Also, you can reduce inflammation and enhance mucus drain by using a humidifier or inhaling hot water. Other remedies that can help to ease sinus symptoms include warm compress and steam therapy. Steam therapy involves taking a warm shower and sitting in your bathroom to allow steam to clear sinuses. Warm compress involves relieving pressure in your face using heat. Place a washcloth on other sinuses. Additionally, ensure you drink plenty of water and get enough rest. 


Surgery is also used to clean sinuses for people with chronic sinusitis. The first option is balloon dilation. If that is not helping, you will need to remove the sinuses. Some surgery options to treat chronic sinusitis in Hudson Valley Sinus Center include Endoscopic sinus surgery and Deviated septum surgery.

Deviated septum surgery or septoplasty reshapes the wall between nostrils and straightens nose tissue. Endoscopic sinus surgery, on the other hand, involves inserting a thin tube into the sinuses. This tube has a camera and light, which help to check if the sinuses have mucus, polyps, or tissues blocking sinuses. Your doctor may improve your breathing by increasing space between sinuses. 

Surgery includes removing polyps and removing inflamed tissues of the mucous membrane. Surgery becomes a suitable alternative if treatments and sprays have not provided adequate relief.

Nasal Irrigation

Nasal irrigation and inhalation can be used in addition to medication. It involves using Saline solutions to loosen mucus and reduce swelling in the mucous membrane. You can find saline solutions ready to use nasal sprays. Rinsing your nose with saline water relieves chronic sinus issues. You can even go a step further and add peppermint or chamomile.

Chronic Sinus is Treatable

If chronic sinusitis is left untreated, it can lead to breathing difficulty and serious complications such as loss of vision, skin infections, and loss of smell capability. Also, you could suffer from brain inflammation and meningitis. Luckily, you can treat chronic sinusitis. Consider starting with home remedies before proceeding to other options such as medications and surgery. The bottom line is that a chronic sinus is treatable.
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