European Furniture Design
Monday, 28 December 2020

The French aristocracy brought the art of decoration and furniture to its peak and presented immortal masterpieces to the world for 500 years.

Over the course of five centuries, the art of decoration and furniture has never undergone a sudden transformation, each style is a prelude to the next and a continuation of what is generally seen in European decoration styles and carefully blended with the workers' obsession with creating corners and various details. Designers and furniture makers have also tried to combine beauty and harmony.
 

It is clear that this large group has been encouraged by a large number of art-loving and wealthy customers, many of whom have existed in the past centuries in Europe, which is why the art of decoration and furniture has flourished in Europe and so many countries, especially France. These comments are known to have a style.

To begin the classification of European furniture and decoration styles, the Middle Ages should be chosen as the first period and proceed in order.
 

Medieval:

 
Not much furniture is available from the Middle Ages, expensive art furniture and expensive living items in the Middle Ages were the monopolies of the lords, and therefore their number does not seem significant at all. The first group to try to make furniture and home furnishings a fine art were medieval carpenters, and the first wood they used was oak.
The combination of iron and wood is also a medieval feature, with large iron handles, corners used for added strength, and various locks. At the end of the fourteenth century, furniture making was another art and from now on, changes and developments are significant and significant. The carvings are increasing day by day and the delicacy seen in the carved designs increases the value of this art even more. Seethe beauty of classic design in these plant stands Melbourne originated.
The items that are made in this period more than ever are the sideboard, large chests, benches, beds and chairs for the masters, respectively.
 

• Renaissance:

 
Italy is the first country to miraculously rediscover the relics of the past and turn to ancient art since the 15th century.
From this time until the first half of the eighteenth century, antiquity influenced art, especially the art of decoration such as this plant shelf Australia designed, architecture and furniture, towering and fertile palaces gave way to more open houses with brighter spaces. Life calms down and luxury begins, the oak wood gives way to the walnut wood, which is brighter and softer and much easier to change.
One of the special arts of the Renaissance is the embedding of marble, precious metals, ivory and bone in wood. This new art, in addition to the art of carving, gives a special shine and transparency to the made tools, because in this period, mixing colors is fashionable.
The first half of the seventeenth century "Louis XIII style"
Italian artists have a greater share in this style than other artists. During this period, home furnishings became heavier and more fixed than before. It is created and the design and pattern on the fabric is given more importance and the carving on the wood loses its value. The special art of Louis XIII style is the art of carving on the bases and handles of tables and chairs.
 

• Louis XIV style:

 
Of all the styles called the kingdom, none was as dependent on the king's personal tastes and desires as the style of Louis XIV, who was a powerful and authoritarian king with a spirit of luxury and art and a wonderful collection of furniture and He had collected the furniture in his various palaces, which is unique in terms of elegance, harmony and design.
One of the important features of Louis XIV style is the sloping and backward shape of the backs of chairs and sofas, which gives them more comfort. Painting the wood of the sofas in golden color also reaches its peak of flourishing in this period, so that painting the carved wood is also a delicate and remarkable art.
In the period of Louis XIV, new furniture called libraries or bookshelves were created, which has not been seen in any of the styles until this period.
 

• Regency style:

 
This style was created due to the artists' extreme tiredness of intricate designs and delicate carvings, as well as the attention of the king and courtiers to simpler and more fancy styles. We see the development of this style in the first half of the eighteenth century, when the skeletons were almost preserved, but luxury has largely disappeared and simplification can be seen in all areas.
 

• Louis XV style:

 
From this period on, various European artists and designers once again shrugged off the dominance of ancient art and invented a style that was almost independent rather than trivial.
During this period, closed back sofas, the sides of which are attached to the back, are invented and an additional cushion is added to the sofas to ensure their comfort in every way, and in this regard, the art of painting on wood flourishes. Bronze work is also an important feature of Louis XV style.
With the beginning of the reign of Louis XVI, the styles of furniture change once again and create one of the most beautiful styles of the past in Europe, especially France. Perhaps most of the beauty and elegance of this style is due to "Marie Antoinette", Queen of France.
An important feature of Louis XVI style is the spiral-turning style of chair bases, sofas and tables. On the other hand, painting wood with light colors of white, pistachio kernel and light gray is also one of the inventions of this period. For more luxurious sofas, the golden color is still there.
 
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